The main question addressed in this article is: What factors in an unemployment programme serve both the individual and society? Our research focuses on background variables and process variables and how these can be assumed to affect certain dependent variables in unemployment training. The current focus is on the dependent variable "subjective assessment of the effect of the training on mental health", together with the more objective dependent variable of "employment status after training". Self-confidence, well-being, faith in the future, level of initiative and personal development have been used as indicators of self-assessed "mental health". Data were collected from an unemployment training programme in Sweden and the variables combined to create a hypothetical model. The model was statistically tested and then modified with the aid of LISREL statistics, which helps to adjust the model to statistical acceptance. The findings show that the salient factors directly related to the subjective assessment of the effect of training on mental health are gender, attitude to skills development, perceived training requirements and formal educational background. The latter relationship was negative. Of indirect importance are the level of commitment of the teacher, the satisfaction of the trainee with the process, and the level of control. The duration of previous unemployment was the only independent variable, which directly affected the employment status after the training, and this was in the negative direction. Of indirect importance for this dependent variable were training requirement, satisfaction with the process, own level of control and attitude to skills development. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Employment status; Mental health; Subjective assessment; Unemployment training
Authors: Rojdalen, G., Gelin, G., Ivergard, T.
Publication info Applied Ergonomics, 2005, Vol. 36, No.2, pp.145-155
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